University of Victoria, 2008

Selected Publications

book cover

Single Crystal Growth of Semiconductors from Metallic Solutions by Sadik Dost, Brian Lent

Book Description:
Single Crystal Growth of Semiconductors from Metallic Solutions covers the four principal growth techniques currently in use for the growth of semiconductor single crystals from metallic solutions. Providing an in-depth review of the state-of-the-art of each, both experimentally and by numerical simulations. The importance of a close interaction between the numerical and experimental aspects of the processes is also emphasized.

Advances in the fields of electronics and opto-electronics are hampered by the limited number of substrate materials which can be readily produced by melt-growth techniques such as the Czochralski and Bridgman methods. This can be alleviated by the use of alternative growth techniques, and in particular, growth from metallic solutions. The principal techniques currently in use are: Liquid Phase Epitaxy; Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy; the Travelling Heater Method, and; Liquid Phase Diffusion.

Single Crystal Growth of Semiconductors from Metallic Solutions will serve as a valuable reference tool for researchers, and graduate and senior undergraduate students in the field of crystal growth. It covers most of the models developed in recent years. The detailed development of basic and constitutive equations and the associated interface and boundary conditions given for each technique will be very valuable to researchers for the development of their new models.

  • Describes the fundamentals of crystal growth modelling
  • Providing a state-of-the art description of the mathematical and experimental growth processes
  • Allows reader to gain clear insight into the practical and mathematical aspects of the topic

Book Contributions

  • M. Yildiz and S. Dost: “Growth of Bulk SiGe Single Crystals by Liquid Phase Diffusion Method: Experimental and Computational Aspects,” VDM Verlag (2009), ISBN-10: 3639112059, ISBN-13: 978-3639112054.
  • Dost, S., and B. Lent, “Single Crystal Growth of Semiconductors from Metallic Solutions,” Elsevier, ISBN: 0 444 52232, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2007.
  • Dost, S., H. Struchtrup, and I. Dincer (Editors), “Progress in Transport Phenomena,” The Proc. ISTP13, ISBN 2-84299-391-8, Elsevier, Paris, 2002.
  • Dost, S. (Guest Editor), Special Issue on “Crystal Growth of Semiconductors from the Liquid Phase,” Int. J. Materials Product and Technology (IJMPT), Vol. 22, Issues 1/2/3, 2005.
  • Dost, S., and Y. Okano (Editors), “Crystal Growth Under Applied Fields,” Research Signpost, 37/661 (2), ISBN: 81-7895-261-0, Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India, 2007.
  • Okano, Y., and S. Dost, “Numerical Study of Transport Phenomena in Crystal Growth under Microgravity Fields,” in Studies on Crystal Growth under Microgravity, (Eds. Yasuhiro Hayakawa and Yoshinori Furukawa), Research Signpost 37/661 (2), pp. 51-79, ISBN: 81-308-0025-X, Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India, 2006.
  • Dost, S., Y.C. Liu, and H. Sheibani, “Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy Under Magnetic Field” in Crystal Growth Under Applied Fields, (Eds. S. Dost and Y. Okano), Chapter 6, pp.125-161, Research Signpost, 37/661 (2), ISBN: 81-7895-261-0, Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India, 2007.
  • Dost, S., M. Yildiz, and E. Yildiz, “Crystal Growth by Liquid Phase Diffusion” in Crystal Growth Under Applied Fields, (Eds. S. Dost and Y. Okano), Chapter 7, pp. 163-191, Research Signpost, 37/661 (2), ISBN: 81-7895-261-0, Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India, 2007.
  • Okano, Y., and S. Dost, “Modelling the THM Crystal Growth Process Under Crucible Rotation and Magnetic Fields” in Crystal Growth Under Applied Fields, (Eds. S. Dost and Y. Okano), Chapter 8, pp. 193-214, Research Signpost, 37/661 (2), ISBN: 81-7895-261-0, Fort P.O., Trivandrum-695 023, Kerala, India, 2007.
  • Dost, S., “Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy of Semiconductors” in Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, (Eds. G. Dhanaraj, K. Byrappa, V. Prasad, M. Dudley), PART-E, Chapter 29, ISBN: 978-3-540-74762-8, Springer Verlag, April 2010.

Journals

  • Okano, Y., J. Shimizu, Y. Hayakawa, A. Hirata, and S. Dost, “A Numerical Study for the Role Natural Convection in the Melting of a GaSb/InSb Sandwich System,” J. Num. Heat Transfer, Part A, 43(1), 31-46, 2003.
  • Sheibani, H., Y.C. Liu, S. Sakai, B. Lent, and S. Dost, “The Effect of Applied Magnetic Field on the Growth Mechanisms of Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy,” Int. J. Engng. Sci., 41, 401-415, 2003.
  • Liu, Y.C., S. Dost, B. Lent, and R.F. Redden, “A Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation Model for the Growth of CdTe Single Crystals by the Traveling Heater Method under Magnetic Field,”
    J. Crystal Growth, 254, 285-297, 2003.
  • Dost, S., Y.C. Liu, B. Lent, and R.F. Redden, “A Numerical Simulation Study for the Effect of Applied Magnetic Field in Growth of CdTe Crystals by the Travelling Heater Method,” Int. J. Appl. Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 17(4), 271-288, 2003.
  • Sheibani, H., S. Dost, S. Sakai, and B. Lent, “Growth Of Bulk Single Crystals Under Applied Magnetic Field By Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy,” J. Crystal Growth, 258(3-4), 283-295, 2003.
  • Okano, Y., S. Sakai, H. Yamada, K. Hoshikawa, and S. Dost, “Marangoni Convection in a Hemispheric Molten Silicon Droplet and its Control by Applied Magnetic Field,” Int. J. Appl.Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 18(4), 187-197, 2003.
  • Okano, Y., H. Kondo, and S. Dost, “Control of Transport Structures in a Rotating Liquid Cylinder by Means of an Applied Magnetic Field,” Int. J. Appl. Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 18(4), 217-226, 2003.
  • Liu, Y., Z. R. Zytkiewicz, and S. Dost, “A Model for Epitaxial Lateral Overgrowth of GaAs by Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy,” J. Crystal Growth, 265, 341-350, 2004.
  • Minakuchi, H., Y. Okano, and S. Dost, “A Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation Study of the Marangoni Convection Occurring in the Crystal Growth of Si xGe 1-x by the Float-Zone Technique in Zero Microgravity,” J. Crystal Growth, 266 , 140-144, 2004.
  • Dost, S., B. Lent, H. Sheibani, and Y.C. Liu, “Recent Developments in Liquid Phase Electroepitaxial Growth of Bulk Crystals under Magnetic Field,” Comptes Rendus Mecanique, 332(5-6), 413-428, 2004.
  • Liu, Y. C., S. Dost, and H. Sheibani, “A Three Dimensional Simulation for the Transport Structures in Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy under Applied Magnetic Field,” Int. J. Transport Phenomena,
    6, 51-62, 2004.
  • Okano, Y., T. Suzumura, S. Sakai, Y. Hayakawa, M. Kumagawa, A. Hirata, and S. Dost, “Oscillatory Behaviour in Melting of a GaSb/InSb/GaSb System,” Mechanics Research Communications, 31, 605-610, 2004.
  • Kim, H.D., I. Kim, D.Y. Sung, M.G. Lee, S. Dost, and H.W. King, “Relationships Between Texture and Surface Roughness, Frictional Behaviour, Erosion and Corrosion Properties of TiN Films,” Designing, Processing and Properties of Advanced Engineering Materials, 449-452, 781-784, 2004.
  • Arafune, K., N. Murakami, T. Kimura, T. Ozawa, Y. Okano, S. Dost, M. Kumagawa, and
    Y. Hayakawa “A Numerical Study on the Buoyancy Convection occurring during the Formation of InGaSb Solution in a GaSb/InSb/GaSb Sandwich System,” IJMPT, 22(1/2/3), 20-34, 2005.
  • Minakuchi, H., Y. Okano, and S. Dost, “A Three Dimensional Numerical Study of Marangoni Convection in a Floating Full Zone,” IJMPT, 22(1/2/3), 151-171, 2005.
  • Murakami, N., K. Arafune, T. Koyama, Y. Momose, T. Ozawa, Y. Okano, S. Dost, M. Kumagawa, and Y. Hayakawa, “An Experimental Study for the Role of Natural Convection in the Dissolution of GaSb into InSb Melt, and the Growth of In xGa 1-xSb Crystals,” IJMPT, 22(1/2/3), 172-184, 2005.
  • S. Dost, H. Sheibani, Y.C. Liu, and B. Lent, “On the High Growth Rates in Electroepitaxial Growth of Bulk Semiconductor Crystals in Magnetic Field,J. Crystal Growth, 275(1-2), E1-E6, 2005.
  • Liu, Y.C., Z.R. Zytkiewicz, and S. Dost, “Computational Analysis of Lateral Overgrowth of GaAs by Liquid Phase Epitaxy,” J. Crystal Growth, 276(1-2), E959-963, 2005.
  • Zytkiewicz, Z., D. Dobosz, Y.C. Liu, and S. Dost, “ Lateral Growth of Semiconductor Structures, Recent Progress in Experiments and Simulations,” Crystal Research and Technology, 40(4/5),
    312-328, 2005.
  • Dost, S., H. Sheibani, Y.C. Liu, and B. Lent, “Recent Developments in Modelling of Liquid Phase Electroepitaxy under Applied Magnetic Field- A Short Review,” Crystal Research and Technology (invited paper), 40(4/5), 313-320, 2005.
  • Minakuchi, H., Y. Yamashita, Y. Okano, M. Sudoh, S. Adachi, and S. Dost, “ A Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation Study for the Cathode Side of a Fuel Cell,” Int. J. Electro-chemistry, 73(3), 182-188, 2005.
  • Yildiz, M., S. Dost, and B. Lent, “Growth of Bulk SiGe Single Crystals by Liquid Phase Diffusion,”
    J. Crystal Growth, 280/1-2, 151-160, 2005.
  • Yildiz, M., and S. Dost, “A Computational Model for the Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe Single Crystals,” Int. J. Engn. Sci., 43 (13-14), 1059-1080, 2005.
  • Kawaguchi, Y., H. Kondo, Y. Okano, and S. Dost, “Numerical Simulation of Crystal Growth of CdZnTe by Vertical Gradient Freezing Method,”Int. J. Transport Phenomena, 7(5), 175-187, 2005.
  • Murakami, N. K. Arafune, T. Koyama, Y. Momose, T. Ozawa, Y. Okano, S. Dost, Le. H. Dao, M. Kumagawa, and Y. Hayakawa, “Effect of Gravity on InGaSb Crystal Growth,” Int. J. Microgravity Research and Technology, XVI/1 (1), 79-83, 2005.
  • Dost, S., and H. Sheibani, “A Mathematical Model for Solution Growth of Bulk Crystal under Electric and Magnetic Fields,” Phil. Mag. (Maugin’s special issue), 85(33-35), 4331-4351, 2005.
  • Yildiz, M., S. Dost, and B. Lent: “Evolution of the Growth Interface in Growth of SiGe Single Crystals by Liquid Phase Diffusion,” Crystal Research and Technology,41(3), 211-216, 2006.
  • Yildiz, E., S. Dost, and M. Yildiz: “A Numerical Simulation Study for the Effect of Magnetic Fields in Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe Single Crystals,” J. Crystal Growth, 291, 497-511, 2006.
  • Liu, Y.C., R. Moss, and S. Dost: “A Computational Thermal Analysis for the Zone Refining Processes of Cd and Te,” J. Crystal Growth, 293, 146-156, 2006.
  • Jana, S., S. Dost, V. Kumar, and F. Durst: “ A Numerical Simulation Study for the Czochralski Growth Process of Si under Magnetic Field,” Int. J. Engng. Sci., 44, 554-573, 2006.
  • Armour, N., H. Sheibani, and S. Dost: “Growth of Cadmium Zinc Telluride by Electroepitaxy,” J. Crystal Research Technology, 41(10), 939-947, 2006.
  • Okano, Y., A. Ishii, H. Miyashita, H. Minakuchi, and S. Dost, “ A Numerical Study for Controlling the G-Jitter Induced Convection in the Solution of a Crystal Growth Crucible under Microgravity,” J. Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing (FDPM), 2(4), 261-269, 2006.
  • Kumar, V., S. Dost, and F. Durst, “Numerical Modeling of Crystal Growth under Strong Magnetic Fields: An Application to the Traveling Heater Method,” Appl. Math. Modelling, 31, 589-605, 2007.
  • Rook, R., M. Yildiz, and S. Dost, “ Modelling Transient Heat Transfer Using SPH and Implicit Time Integration,” Numerical Heat Transfer- B, 50, 1-23, 2007.
  • Armour, N., S. Dost, and B. Lent, “Effect of Free Surface and Gravity on Dissolution in Germanium Melt,” J. Crystal Growth, 299, 227-233, 2007.
  • Rook, R., and S. Dost, “The Use of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics for Simulating Crystal Growth from Solution,” Int. J. Engng. Sci., 45(1), 75-93, 2007.
  • Yildiz, E., and S. Dost, “The Combined Effect of Rotating and Static Magnetic Fields in Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe,” J. Crystal Growth, 303(1), 279-283, 2007.
  • Dost, S., and Y.C. Liu, “Controlling the Growth Interface Shape in the Growth of CdTe Single Crystals by the Traveling Heater Method,” Compte Rendu Mecanique, 335(5-6), 323-329, 2007.
  • Armour, N., and S. Dost, “The Effect of a Static Magnetic Field on Buoyancy-Aided Silicon Dissolution into Germanium Melt,” J. Crystal Growth, 306(1), 200-207, 2007.
  • Yildiz, M., and S. Dost, “Incorporation of Surface Tension to Energy Balance Through the Jump Conditions of Thermomechanics,” Cryst. Res. Technol., 42(9), 914 – 919, 2007.
  • Youdelis, W.Y., and S. Dost, “An Interpretation for High Growth Rates in Electroepitaxial Growth of GaAs Under Magnetic Field,” J. Crystal Growth, 307, 203-210, 2007.
  • Dost, S., Y.C. Liu, J. Haas, J. Roszmann, S. Grenier, and N. Audet, “Effect of Applied Electric Current on Impurity Transport in Zone Refining,” J. Crystal Growth, 307, 211-218, 2007.
  • Haas, J., Y.C. Liu, and S. Dost, “Design of a Zone Refiner for Optimization Studies,” J. Scientia Iranica, 14 (5), 474-485, 2007 .
  • Liu, Y.C., S. Dost, S. Grenier, N. Audet, and J. Haas, “A Numerical Simulation Study for the Zone Refining Process of Cadmium and Tellurium,” Int. J. Materials and Products Technology, 32 (1), 1-19, 2008 .
  • Armour, N., M. Yildiz, E. Yildiz, and S. Dost, “Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe under Magnetic Fields,” ECS Transactions, 16(10), 135-146, 2008.
  • Hirata, K., Y. Okano, A. Ishida, and S. Dost, “ Numerical Simulation of Thermo-Solutal Marangoni Convection in the Floating-Zone under Microgravity Fields ,” J. Japan Society of Microgravity Application (JASMA) , 25(3), 157-162, 2008.
  • Armour, N., and S. Dost, “ Effect of an Applied Static Magnetic Field on Silicon Dissolution into a Germanium Melt ,” J. Crystal Growth, 311 , 780–782, 2009.
  • Roszmann, J., Y.C. Liu, S. Dost, B. Lent, S. Grenier, and N. Audet, “Use of Rotating Magnetic Field for Selenium Impurity Transport in Zone Refining of Tellurium and Cadmium,” Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing (FDMP), 5 (3), 231-244, 2009.
  • Chellabi, K., Y. Stepanenko, S. Dost: “Optimal Active Control of a Deformable Miror”, J. Vibration and Control, 15(3), 415-438, 2009.
  • Chellabi, K., Y. Stepanenko, S. Dost: “ Direct Optimal Vibration Control of a Piezoelectric Plate”, J. Vibration and Control, 15(7), 1093-1118, 2009.
  • Mechighel, F., M. El Ganaoui , M. Kadja , B. Pateyron, S. Dost: “ Numerical Simulation of Three Dimensional Low Prandtl Liquid Flow in a Parallelepiped Cavity Under an external Magnetic Field” Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing (FDMP), 5(4), 313-330, 2009.
  • Armour, N., and S. Dost, “ Numerical and Experimental Study of Forced Mixing with Static Magnetic Field on SiGe System,” Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing (FDMP), 5(4), 331-344, 2009.
  • Armour, N., and S. Dost: “ Effect of a Static Magnetic Field on Silicon Transport in Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe”, Crystal Research Technology, 45(3), 244-248, 2010.
  • Derin, H., M. Yildiz, K. Kantarli, S. Dost: O ptical properties of Si xGe 1-x single crystals grown by liquid phase diffusion”, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing (in press).
  • Kidess, A., N. Armour, B. Lent, and S. Dost, “Numerical Study of the Effect Of Magnetic Fields In Dissolution Of Silicon Into Germanium Melt,” Iwmcg6, Lake Geneva, USA, August 9-14, 2009.
  • Dost, S., “The Role of Thermomechanics in Crystal Growth,” CANCAM09, Halifax, June 2009.
  • Armour, N., and S. Dost, “The Effect of Applied Magnetic Fields on Silicon Transport in Liquid Phase Diffusion Growth of SiGe,” ECS, Vancouver, April 26-30, 2010.
  • Motomura, R., Y. Takagi, Y. Okano, N. Armour, and S. Dost, “Numerical Simulation for Convective Effect on Silicon Transport and Dissolution in a Germanium Melt,” ECS, Vancouver, April 26-30, 2010.
  • Takagi, Y., A. Ishida, Y. Okano, and Sadik Dost, “A Numerical Simulation Study on the Effects of Crucible Rotation and Magnetic Fields in Growth of Sige by the Travelling Heater Method,” Proceedings of The 14th International Heat Transfer Conference IHTC-14, Washington, DC, USA, August 8-13, 2010.